Bronze Sculptures

The Lost Wax Process of Bronze Casting has been practiced for thousands of years.  The process has not changed much over time and is labor intensive and costly.  A great deal of talent and attention to detail goes into each unique sculpture.  Here are two of my current Bronze Sculpture projects.  The creation process is explained and illustrated in photographs and text below.  I would like to thank Artists, Steven and Steward Wegner, and John and Stephanie at Wegner Metal Arts, for evolving my sculptures from clay to bronze!


1:  Metal armature is ready.2:  Sculpting clay is built up over the metal armature. a little more wire was added for strength.3: First clay layer is complete.4:  More clay layers are added.5:  The sculpture starts taking shape.6:  Another view of the sculpture in process.7: Sculpture is refined.8:  Further refinement. 9:  Sculpture is nearly finished.10:  Completed sculpture is ready for the foundry.11: Completed clay sculpture is cut into pieces.  Each piece will be invested into a mold.  The molds will then be filled with wax.12:  Mold of the head, neck and body.  Each separate piece was invested into a mold.  Wax is poured into these molds.13:  Wax was poured into each mold.  Here is the sculpture, now in wax.  Since this is an edition, the process is repeated until the number of waxes made meets the number in the edition.14: Each wax will be invested into a final mold.  Once the molds are dry, they are put (upside down) into a kiln, or oven.  The wax is melted out of the 15: Cleaning up a newly poured bronze sculpture.  Once the bronze is poured, the mold material will hold until the bronze starts to cool.  Then the material will flake off.  The bronzes will be sandblasted and grinded to remove unwanted material.16:  The freshly poured bronze with the mold material cleaned off.  It still needs grinding and sanding.17:  The sculpture is ready for reassembly--will be assembled by welding the pieces together.  This is why each sculpture in an edition is an original--each one will be slightly different.18: Another angle.  Note the signed base to the left.19:  Patiently awaiting assembly.20:  The standing sculpture is in the assembly process and another waits it's turn.21:  Another angle.22: Sculpture is completely assembled and getting the edition number.23:  Now the sculpture is coated in a chemical patina.24: The patina bonds to the bronze.  It is applied by spraying, or brushing the patina onto the heated bronze.  The patina becomes part of the sculpture.25:  Once the patina process is completed, the sculpture is waxed and buffed out.26: The wood base is added to the first sculpture in the edition. The other sculptures have black granite bases.27: The first sculpture in the edition is The Angela M Perpetual Trophy.  This trophy is presented each year to the World Champion of the Friesian Junior mare class, at the International Friesian Horse Show Association, World Championships.  The trophy is in the private collection of IFSHA and was donated by the Artist in memory of her beloved Friesian mare, Angela M, Ster. 28: Another view of the completed bronze sculpture.

#1 Bronze Sculpture Project.  Title: Friesian Spirit.  Limited Edition of 25.  Created through the Lost Wax Process of Bronze Casting.  Medium: Bronze with a black granite base (and lazy susan beneath so the sculptures can be easily turned and viewed from all sides ). Each unique and numbered sculpture weighs between 49 and 53 pounds. Size: 18.5″ long x 20″ tall x 6″ wide (sculpture and granite base).  Once the final sculpture is cast, the mold will be destroyed–so the edition stands at 25 unique sculptures.  Sculptures in this edition are currently available for purchase.  Each photo’s description explains the process.  Enjoy!

1: Sculpture titled, Friesian Welcome.2:  The sculpture (in blue-green) was invested into a mold.  Wax was poured into that mold.3: Here are some of the resulting waxes.4:  The waxes are being prepared for the final mold.5: Note the pouring spout on the top of each wax.  Once they are in the mold, each mold will be placed in a kiln, or oven and the wax will be melted out of that pouring spout--leaving a negative space where the wax use to be.  That space will be filled with molten bronze.  Everything you see here will be replaced by bronze.6:  Then molten bronze will be poured into the mold through that spout area.  Once the bronze is cooled and hardened, the sculptures will be sand blasted and grinded.  The final sculptures will be door knockers.

#2 Bronze Sculpture Project: Friesian Horse Door Knockers.  Title: Friesian Welcome.  Medium: Bronze and Patina.  Size: 6″x6″.  Also done in the Lost Wax Process.  This is a production project–not an edition, which means they can be made upon request.  The process is detailed and time consuming.  Like all Lost Wax Bronzes, every sculpture is unique and original.  I signed each wax.  Sculptures will be available for purchase in September of 2014.  More photos and descriptions soon!  Enjoy!